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The words hypnotism and hypnosis are derived from the Greek, from the verb “hypnos” which means sleep or dream. The term was coined by the Scottish neurosurgeon, James Braid in 1842.

The term initially proposed by Braid was a compound: neuro-hypnotism and he himself proposed to abbreviate it in hypnotism. It is considered that the term emerged as an adjective: hypnotic, which was endowed with a suffix: ism, which indicates a state or process; that is to say that etymologically hypnotism would mean: process to produce a hypnotic state.

In 1855 an attempt was made to replace the term hypnotism with hypnosis. This gives rise to some confusion since the suffix osis is associated with pathological processes, and in fact is used in medicine with such significance (neurosis, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, etc.).

However, originally, the suffix osis is composed of “o” that is used to form verbs and that indicates a process and “sis” that is used to form abstract names. So the original value of the term is associated with the meaning of the process. Currently both terms coexist with similar meanings.

In 1843, Braid developed these ideas more broadly in a book called Neurypnology. That was where he proposed the term hypnotism, to define what Braid called “nervous sleep”, as “a peculiar state of the nervous system that can be artificially provoked by fixed attention and abstracted from the mental and visual eye in an object that is not exciting by his, her nature”.

Braid was aware that it was not a dream state proper, but something very different. Thus, with the passage of time and research, the term in its etymological reference: dream; It has become obsolete. In any case, it is currently kept as a reference.


In the MeSh (Medical Subject Headings of the National Library of Medicine) is defined: “state of receptivity increased by suggestion and direction initially induced by the influence of another person”. In the Dorland’s Medical Dictionary in its electronic version of 2007 says: “altered state of consciousness, usually artificially induced, where there is a focus of attention and greater response to suggestions and commands.” Contrary to popular belief, hypnosis is not a dream but rather intense concentration.

Braid’s studies had as a direct antecedent to Franz Mesmer, who believed that these special states were not related to the dream but were produced by a hidden force that he called “animal magnetism”, a term that appears in the title of the monograph of Braid.


The hypnotic state, is an amplified state of consciousness where you can perceive things that were not previously perceived, it is a state of internalization towards the stored information; however, when suddenly people become absorbed in their internal world or concentrate on an aspect of the external world, they dissociate themselves from the rest that surrounds them to enter a new associated state of experience and can be focused on something precise or something diffuse.

Let’s work together in this ancient practice to help you achieve your highest potential!

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